Significance of barrier membrane on the reconstructive therapy of peri-implantitis: A randomized controlled trial
Monje A, Pons R, Vilarrasa J, Nart J, Wang HL. Significance of barrier membrane on the reconstructive therapy of peri-implantitis: A randomized controlled trial. J Periodontol. 2022 Nov 18. doi: 10.1002/JPER.22-0511. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 36399349.
Background: The objective of this trial was to investigate the clinical and radiographic significance of using a mixture of mineralized and demineralized allografts in combination (M) or not (NM) with a resorbable cross-linked barrier membrane in the reconstructive therapy of peri-implantitis defects.
Methods: A two-arm randomized clinical trial was performed in patients diagnosedwith peri-implantitis that exhibited contained defects. Clinical parameters were recorded at baseline (T0), 6 months (T1), and 12 months (T2). Radiographic parameters were recorded at T0 and T2. A composite criterion for disease resolution was defined a priori. A generalized linear model of repeated measures with generalized estimation equation statistical methods was used.
Results: Overall, 33 patients (nimplants = 48) completed the study. At T2, mean disease resolution was 77.1%. The use of a barrier membrane did not enhance the probability of disease resolution at T2 (odds ratio [OR] = 1.55, p = 0.737). Conversely, the odds of disease resolution were statistically associated with the modified plaque index recorded at T0 (OR = 0.13, p = 0.006) and keratinized mucosa width (OR = 2.10, p = 0.035). Moreover, women exhibited greater odds to show disease resolution (OR = 5.56, p = 0.02).
Conclusion: Reconstructive therapy by means of a mixture of mineralized and demineralized allografts is effective in clinically resolving peri-implantitis and in gaining radiographic marginal bone level). The addition of a barrier membrane to reconstructive therapy of peri-implantitis does not seem to enhance the outcomes of contained bone defects (NCT05282667).